Oceania - Regional Overview 2014

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Australasia (Australia and New Zealand) is home to approximately 170,000 people who inject drugs, 1.5% of whom are estimated to be living with HIV. Data on drug use and HIV prevalence among people who use drugs in the Pacific Island states and territories (PICTs) are largely unavailable, although there are indications that injecting drug use is contributing to HIV transmission.

Early adoption of harm reduction in both Australia and New Zealand is often credited for the low HIV prevalence among their injecting populations. Australia continues to be the only country in the region to include a drug consumption room within its harm reduction response.

Both Australia and New Zealand include supportive references to harm reduction in national policies on HIV and/or drugs. However, government funding for harm reduction initiatives remains limited in Australia.

Prisoners do not have access to sterile injecting equipment across the region, but opioid substitution therapy is available in most Australian and New Zealand prisons.

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* Please refer to the full report below for ranges, where these are available. The maps and tables on this page display midpoint averages only.

Download full Global State of Harm Reduction Report (PDF 8.5 MB).

CountryPeople who inject drugsAdult HIV prevalence amongst people who inject drugsOperational needles-syringe exchanges programmesNumber of operational NSP sites (low)Operational OST programmesNumber of operational OST programmes (low)

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